Cholesterol is fat-like substance present in all animal foods – meat, poultry, fish, milk products and egg yolks. Plant foods do not contain cholesterol.
Saturated fat is found primarily in animal fats. Trans fats are created from process of hydrogenation, which turns vegetable oils into fats that are solid at room temperature. Saturated fat and trans fats increase the LDL (bad) cholesterol levels in the blood, which increases the risk for heart disease. Dietary cholesterol also raises LDL cholesterol, but to a much smaller extent. Choosing lean animal proteins and non-fat or 1% fat dairy products will help limit your intake of saturated fats.
Choosing a diet that contains a generous amount of unprocessed plant foods 9whole grain products, fruits, vegetables, beans) will help lower your LDL cholesterol and reduce your risk of heart disease.